Calculates annual and seasonal total flows, as volumetric discharge or water yields, from a daily streamflow data set. For water year and seasonal data, the year is identified by the year in which the year or season ends. Two-seasons and four-seasons per year are calculated, with each 6 and 3-month seasons starting with the first month of the year (Jan for calendar year, specified for water year). Each season is designated by the calendar or water year in which it occurs. Calculates statistics from all values from complete years, unless specified. Returns a tibble with statistics.

calc_annual_cumulative_stats(
  data,
  dates = Date,
  values = Value,
  groups = STATION_NUMBER,
  station_number,
  use_yield = FALSE,
  basin_area,
  water_year_start = 1,
  start_year,
  end_year,
  exclude_years,
  months = 1:12,
  include_seasons = FALSE,
  transpose = FALSE
)

Arguments

data

Data frame of daily data that contains columns of dates, flow values, and (optional) groups (e.g. station numbers). Leave blank if using station_number argument.

dates

Name of column in data that contains dates formatted YYYY-MM-DD. Only required if dates column name is not 'Date' (default). Leave blank if using station_number argument.

values

Name of column in data that contains numeric flow values, in units of cubic metres per second. Only required if values column name is not 'Value' (default). Leave blank if using station_number argument.

groups

Name of column in data that contains unique identifiers for different data sets, if applicable. Only required if groups column name is not 'STATION_NUMBER'. Function will automatically group by a column named 'STATION_NUMBER' if present. Remove the 'STATION_NUMBER' column beforehand to remove this grouping. Leave blank if using station_number argument.

station_number

Character string vector of seven digit Water Survey of Canada station numbers (e.g. "08NM116") of which to extract daily streamflow data from a HYDAT database. Requires tidyhydat package and a HYDAT database. Leave blank if using data argument.

use_yield

Logical value indicating whether to calculate area-based water yield, in mm, instead of volumetric discharge. Default FALSE.

basin_area

Upstream drainage basin area, in square kilometres, to apply to observations. Three options:

(1) Leave blank if groups is STATION_NUMBER with HYDAT station numbers to extract basin areas from HYDAT.

(2) A single numeric value to apply to all observations.

(3) List each basin area for each group/station in groups (can override HYDAT value if listed) as such c("08NM116" = 795, "08NM242" = 10). If group is not listed the HYDAT area will be applied if it exists, otherwise it will be NA.

water_year_start

Numeric value indicating the month (1 through 12) of the start of water year for analysis. Default 1.

start_year

Numeric value of the first year to consider for analysis. Leave blank to use the first year of the source data.

end_year

Numeric value of the last year to consider for analysis. Leave blank to use the last year of the source data.

exclude_years

Numeric vector of years to exclude from analysis. Leave blank to include all years.

months

Numeric vector of months to include in analysis (e.g. 6:8 for Jun-Aug). Leave blank to summarize all months (default 1:12).

include_seasons

Logical value indication whether to include seasonal yields or volumetric discharges. Default TRUE.

transpose

Logical value indicating whether to transpose rows and columns of results. Default FALSE.

Value

A tibble data frame with the following columns, ending with '_Volume_m3' or '_Yield_mm' based on selection:

Year

calendar or water year selected

Total_*

annual (or selected months) total flow, in m3 or mm

Default seasonal columns:
MMM-MMM_*

first of two season total flows, in m3 or mm

MMM-MMM_*

second of two season total flows, in m3 or mm

MMM-MMM_*

first of four season total flows, in m3 or mm

MMM-MMM_*

second of four season total flows, in m3 or mm

MMM-MMM_*

third of four season total flows, in m3 or mm

MMM-MMM_*

fourth of four season total flows, in m3 or mm

Transposing data creates a column of 'Statistics' and subsequent columns for each year selected.

Examples

# Run if HYDAT database has been downloaded (using tidyhydat::download_hydat()) if (file.exists(tidyhydat::hy_downloaded_db())) { # Calculate annual total volumetric flow statistics calc_annual_cumulative_stats(station_number = "08NM116") # Calculate annual total yield statistics with default HYDAT basin area calc_annual_cumulative_stats(station_number = "08NM116", use_yield = TRUE) # Calculate annual total yield statistics with a custom basin area calc_annual_cumulative_stats(station_number = "08NM116", use_yield = TRUE, basin_area = 800) }
#> Warning: One or more calculations included missing values and NA's were produced. Filter data for complete years or months, or use to ignore_missing = TRUE to ignore missing values.
#> Warning: One or more calculations included missing values and NA's were produced. Filter data for complete years or months, or use to ignore_missing = TRUE to ignore missing values.
#> Warning: One or more calculations included missing values and NA's were produced. Filter data for complete years or months, or use to ignore_missing = TRUE to ignore missing values.
#> # A tibble: 69 x 3 #> STATION_NUMBER Year Total_Yield_mm #> <chr> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 08NM116 1949 NA #> 2 08NM116 1950 NA #> 3 08NM116 1951 NA #> 4 08NM116 1952 NA #> 5 08NM116 1953 NA #> 6 08NM116 1954 NA #> 7 08NM116 1955 NA #> 8 08NM116 1956 NA #> 9 08NM116 1957 NA #> 10 08NM116 1958 NA #> # ... with 59 more rows